Milan, Italy

The City of Milan

Milan is the capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy, after Rome. Milan is home to the Italian stock exchange, and with a metropolitan population of 3.26 million inhabitants, is the powerhouse of the Italian economy. In addition to its industrial activities, Milan is also recognised as one of the world’s four fashion capitals.

The Demonstrator

The Milan demonstrator is operated by A2A Calore & Servizi and is composed of two pilot sites located in via Gadio and via Balilla. Two small-scale district heating and cooling networks will operate at neutral temperature and will integrate RES and waste heat. The demonstrator aims to achieve the following goals:

  • Installation of the network, and substations at building level
  • Implementation of hardware/software for smart monitoring and control
  • Develop business models adapted to the local context

Via Gadio

The demonstrator in via Gadio consists of a newly built low-temperature DH network that exploits the excess heat from an electric transformer as a source of waste heat. Excess heat from the transformer is currently dissipated into the air by means of dry coolers and an oil circuit. This heat, which is available at 30/40°C, and constant throughout the year, will be used as a thermal source for the municipal aquarium and potentially other buildings.

It is envisaged that excess heat will be extracted using heat pumps. Booster heat pumps will also be installed and thermal energy storage systems will operate at building level.

Via Balilla

The demonstrator in via Balilla consists of a newly built neutral-temperature DH network that exploits groundwater from existing wells as a thermal source. The network will use high-density polypropylene pipes and exploit heat from groundwater wells that is available throughout the year at 15°C. This heat will be used as a thermal source for three existing buildings: a kindergarten, a municipal center and a residential building.
Thermal loads will be covered by heat pumps combined with thermal energy storage systems for each building.